Tasks

Task 30, Assessment of Environmental Effects of Electric Vehicles

Assessment of Environmental Effects of Electric Vehicles

Ongoing Tasks

Operating Agent

Completed Tasks

Contact for further information

Mr. Gerfried Jungmeier
Joanneum Research
Resources-Institute for Water, Energy and Sustainability
Energy Research
Elisabethstrasse 5
8010 Graz
Austria
Email

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Programme of  Work

Task 30 is using the results of the completed Task 19 "Life Cycle Assessment of EVs" as a foundation to subsequently examine the environmental effects - benefits and impacts - of vehicles with an electric drivetrain (EVs), based on life cycle assessment (LCA). With an eye on three phases of LCA, such as production, operation and dismantling of EVs, various environmental effects of EVs on water, land use, resources and air, among others, will be analyzed and assessed. Thereby a strong accent is put on the comparison of environmental effects between pure battery EVs (BEV) and Plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) on one hand and conventional ICE vehicles using gasoline, diesel and natural gas on the other side.

Task 30 will focus on following topics:

  • Effects of EVs on water (emissions to water and waste water, "Water Footprint" of EVs)
  • Effects on EVs on land use-resources-waste (land use, occupation and degradation, demand of renewable and fossil resources, recycling)
  • Effects on EVs on air (local emissions and effects of NOx, PM and CxHy, human health effect and non-energy related emissions from tires and brakes)
  • Overall environmental effects and their assessment (comparing and assessing different impact categories, single score methodologies, stakeholder involvement)

Figure 1: From Process Chain analyses (Task 19) to Environmental Effects (Task 30)

Task30_Fig_1

Working Method

Within the Task, methodologies for helping countries implement EVs by identifying possibilities to maximize the environmental benefits will be developed. Besides, various case studies will be analyzed and networking combined with information exchange will be supported within the Task's frames. For the purpose of research, the extension of the in Task 19 established and international "Research Platform for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and End-of-Life Management for Electric Vehicles" will be challenged.

The Task will proceed by holding a series of workshops addressing the following objectives:

  • Methodologies on assessment of environmental effects
  • Analyses of necessary and available data
  • Overview of international studies/literature
  • Analyses of current knowledge and future challenges
  • Overview of key actors and stakeholders and their involvement
  • Communication strategies to stakeholders
  • Summarizing further R&D demand

Figure 2: Working method in Task 30

Task30_Fig_2

Duration

The Task 30 will officially launch in January 2016 and run until the end of 2019. During the period a total of four workshops addressing water, land use-resources-waste, air and the overall environmental effects, respectively, is planned.

Member Countries

Currently, Austria, Canada, Germany, Spain and United States are members of the Task. New members are encouraged to apply. For more information, please contact the Operating Agent.

Financing and Sponsorship

There is an annual contribution for membership, part of which may be substituted with a greater amount of in-kind work contribution to the Task. Contact the Operating Agent for more information.

Benefits of Participation

Members in this Task will compile a list of environmental benefits and impacts of EVs with the goal to increase their overall acceptance. Thus, numerous advantages of EVs compared to conventional vehicles will be shown. These results should help the industry and government to support further development and employment of EVs in all transport modes.