Programme of Work
Task 30 is using the results of the completed Task 19 "Life Cycle Assessment of EVs" as a foundation to subsequently examine the environmental effects - benefits and impacts - of vehicles with an electric drivetrain (EVs), based on life cycle assessment (LCA). With an eye on three phases of LCA, such as production, operation and dismantling of EVs, various environmental effects of EVs on water, land use, resources and air, among others, will be analyzed and assessed. Thereby a strong accent is put on the comparison of environmental effects between pure battery EVs (BEV) and Plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) on one hand and conventional ICE vehicles using gasoline, diesel and natural gas on the other side.
Task 30 will focus on following topics:
Effects of EVs on water (emissions to water and waste water, "Water Footprint" of EVs)
Effects on EVs on land use-resources-waste (land use, occupation and degradation, demand of renewable and fossil resources, recycling)
Effects on EVs on air (local emissions and effects of NOx, PM and CxHy, human health effect and non-energy related emissions from tires and brakes)
Overall environmental effects and their assessment (comparing and assessing different impact categories, single score methodologies, stakeholder involvement)
Figure 1: From Process Chain analyses (Task 19) to Environmental Effects (Task 30)
Within the Task, methodologies for helping countries implement EVs by identifying possibilities to maximize the environmental benefits will be developed. Besides, various case studies will be analyzed and networking combined with information exchange will be supported within the Task's frames. For the purpose of research, the extension of the in Task 19 established and international "Research Platform for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and End-of-Life Management for Electric Vehicles" will be challenged.
The Task will proceed by holding a series of workshops addressing the following objectives:
Methodologies on assessment of environmental effects
Analyses of necessary and available data
Overview of international studies/literature
Analyses of current knowledge and future challenges
Overview of key actors and stakeholders and their involvement
Communication strategies to stakeholders
Summarizing further R&D demand
Figure 2: Working method in Task 30
The Task 30 will officially launch in January 2016 and run until the end of 2019. During the period a total of four workshops addressing water, land use-resources-waste, air and the overall environmental effects, respectively, is planned.
Currently, Austria, Germany, Spain and United States are members of the Task. New members are encouraged to apply. For more information, please contact the Operating Agent.
Financing and Sponsorship
There is an annual contribution for membership, part of which may be substituted with a greater amount of in-kind work contribution to the Task. Contact the Operating Agent for more information.
Benefits of Participation
Members in this Task will compile a list of environmental benefits and impacts of EVs with the goal to increase their overall acceptance. Thus, numerous advantages of EVs compared to conventional vehicles will be shown. These results should help the industry and government to support further development and employment of EVs in all transport modes.