Programme of Work
Task 19 focuses on the life cycle assessment (LCA) of electric vehicles (EVs). The Task aims to learn how electric drivetrain vehicles should be designed for optimal recyclability and minimal resource consumption. It also aims to promote the best available technologies and practices for managing the materials in EVs at the end of their useful life, when the vehicle is dismantled.
Based on the LCA activities in the member countries, the main goals of this Task are:
Providing policy and decision makers with facts for decisions on EV-related issues
Improving end-of-life management by identifying and promoting the best available technologies and practices
Improving the design of vehicles and battery systems for optimal recyclability and minimal resource consumption
Establishing a research platform for LCA including end-of-life management for EVs to augment the benefits and competitiveness of vehicles with an electric drivetrain.
The Task members established the international "Research Platform for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and End-of-Life Management for Electric Vehicles.” This platform aims to help countries to implement EVs by identifying possibilities to maximize the environmental benefits and competitiveness of vehicles with an electric drivetrain.
The Task is proceeding by holding a series of workshops and meetings addressing these topics:
Frequently asked questions on the environmental issues of EVs
Overview of international LCA studies
Parameters influencing the energy demand of EVs
LCA aspects of battery and vehicle production
Vehicle end-of-life management, e.g., recycling, or the reuse of batteries in stationary applications
LCA aspects of electricity production, distribution, and vehicle battery charging
Summarizing the further R&D demand
The Task held its kickoff meeting in March 2012, and held its first three workshops (out of five planned) in December 2012, and in April and October 2013. Task 19 plans to run through the end of 2014.
Austria, Germany, Switzerland , and the United States are Task 19 member countries. New members are welcome through the end of 2013.
Financing and Sponsorship
There is an annual contribution for membership, part of which may be substituted with a greater amount of in-kind work contribution to the Task. Contact the Operating Agent for more information.
Benefits of Participation
Members in this Task will compile information from existing LCA analyses in order to complete a fuller picture of approaches to resource usage, recycling, and disposal at end of life. This knowledge should help the industry and government to increase the benefits and competitiveness of plug-in electric vehicles.