Task 25, Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Ongoing Tasks

Operating Agent

Completed Tasks

Contact for further information:

Aymeric Rousseau
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 S. Cass Avenue
Argonne, IL 60439
Email arousseau@anl.gov

Programme of Work

Task 25, Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) looks at current and future vehicle energy consumption, cost, levelized cost of driving (LCD) and market penetration of all vehicles with a plug. The Task addresses some of the limitations of Task 15.

Working Method

The topics of the task include vehicle energy consumption, component costs, vehicle costs, total cost of ownership (TOC), and market penetration.

Objectives associated with vehicle energy consumption are:

  • Compare full-function HEVs, PHEVs, and ER-EVs to advance conventional powertrains (clean diesel, turbocharged direct injection petrol, CNG, other).
  • Include a wide range of powertrain configurations (i.e. BEV with and without multi-gear transmissions, BEVx…)
  • Evaluate the technology potential on both standard and real world driving cycles

Objectives associated with Component Cost, Vehicle Cost & TCO are:

  • Conduct a systematic cost methodology comparison (i.e. battery, multiple TCO models).
  • Examine whether a standard peak battery pack and electrical machine power level for both HEVs and PHEVs can be cost effective in spreading component costs across both HEV and PHEV platforms.
  • Study powertrain depreciation attributes and impact on vehicle lifetime use costs. In particular, determine whether batteries must be replaced during vehicle lifetime, or vehicle use patterns must be adapted to less capable packs or both.

Objectives associated with Market Penetration are:

  • Conduct a systematic market penetration methodology comparison using same set of inputs.
  • Using consistent methodologies, evaluate potential causes of increase in market(s) size, such as rising oil prices, lower battery pack costs, economical infrastructure adaption, changes of consumer perception.
  • Evaluate policy alternatives to increase market(s) size
  • Taxes at initial purchase, annual fees, fuel/electricity tax
  • Subsidy structures and quantities


The running time of this Task will be three years from May 2014 to May 2017.

Member Countries

France, Germany, Republic of Korea and the United States are members. Current Task member representatives are from the French Petroleum Institute (IFPen, France), Ulsan University (Korea), DLR German Aerospace Center (DLR, Germany), Fraunhofer Institute (Germany), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL, USA)

Financing and Sponsorship

No participation fee is required for IA-HEV member countries. In addition, attendees at the meetings are kindly asked to cover their own costs linked to participation (i.e., salaries, travel expenditures, accommodation, etc.) as in any IEA Task. Participating members are expected to set aside an appropriate amount of time to support the activities that may be required in addition to attending meetings. Contact the Operating Agent for more information.

Deliverables and Outcomes

The planned deliverables and outcomes of Task 25 include the following:

  • Database including vehicle energy consumption, component characteristics and cost for multiple powertrain configurations and timeframes on standard driving cycle.
  • Recommended practice methodology to assess total cost of ownership (TCO).
  • Comparison of market penetration methodologies.
  • Assess the potential of advanced vehicle technologies from an energy, cost and market penetration point of view for multiple geographical areas (i.e. EU, US…)
  • Analyze results & summarize in a report.

Benefits of Participation

Participants will gain a better understanding of the market potential of plug-in electric vehicles for different geographical locations, powertrain configurations, technologies and cost assumptions.