Task 15, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Gets Ready to Present a Cost Analysis of Plug-ins and Other Topics at EVS-26

March 6, 2012 11:50 AM
APRF enables researchers to conduct vehicle analyses.
© Argonne‚Äôs Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF)

During 2011, members of Task 15 began to implement the 2010 revisions of the work plan in preparation for task completion in 2012. Since 2010, the United States (U.S.) has served as the Operating Agent. Country experts from France, Germany, Switzerland, and the U.S. participated in a series of meetings held in 2011. Participants represented five different research institutions and one company.

Task 15 work during 2011 and 2012 has been divided into two subtasks:

  1. Powertrain Attributes and Vehicle Lifetime Use Costs, and
  2. Marketability and Fiscal Policy Effectiveness.

During and between three 2011 country expert meetings, participating country experts were surveyed for their level of interest and availability to participate in separate suggested topics within the two subtasks. Based on the survey responses, participants were assigned to one or both subtasks and topics/objectives within the subtasks. Topic/objectives leaders were also identified. 

The first meeting of subtask I on powertrain attributes was held immediately after the Executive Committee (ExCo) meeting held in Istanbul, Turkey, in May 2011. This Task 15 meeting was held on May 30–31 at IFP Energies Nouvelles in Rueil-Malmaison, France, hosted by Francois Badin. Country experts from France, Germany, and the U.S. attended.

The group planned to submit abstracts for multiple papers to be presented at the EVS-26 (Electric Vehicle Symposium) held in Los Angeles, U.S. in May 2012. The paper topics are designed for inclusion in the task final report to be prepared after EVS-26. A goal of subtask I was to use the vehicle simulation modeling capabilities of IFP Nouvelles of France and Argonne National Laboratory of the U.S. to simulate multiple potential plug-in hybrid powertrain types and to include cross-comparisons of modeling results to assure accuracy. The plan is to upgrade the vehicle simulation models based on knowledge gained from the comparisons. 

Abstracts for the EVS-26 Meeting submitted by participating country experts included these titles:

  1. Cost analysis of the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, including maintenance and repair Costs and Resale Values (German Aerospace Institute, Argonne National Laboratory)
  2. Fuel consumption potential of different plug-in hybrid vehicle architectures in the European and American contexts (IFP Nouvelles, Argonne National Laboratory)
  3. Issues in intermediate-term grid integration of plug-in hybrids and wind, using pricing strategies and/or technical limits (Fraunhofer ISI, Argonne National Laboratory)
  4. Effect of demand response on the marginal electricity used by plug-in electric vehicles (Fraunhofer ISI, Argonne National Laboratory)
  5. Optimal battery sizes for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (Fraunhofer ISI)
  6. An analysis of car and SUV daytime parking for potential opportunity charging of plug-in electric powertrains (Argonne National Laboratory)
  7. Vehicle charging infrastructure demand for the introduction of plug-in electric vehicles in Germany and the U.S. (Fraunhofer ISI).

A side meeting between Mr. Bernd Propfe of the Institute of Vehicle Concepts at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Argonne National Laboratory scientists was held on September 12 at Argonne in the U.S. Topics discussed between DLR staff with various Argonne scientists included plug-in hybrid vehicle cost estimation, usual patterns of vehicle use and likely charging behavior, and battery cost modeling. 

On November 17, 2011, the first meeting of subtask II on marketability and fiscal policy effectiveness was held in Burgdorf, Switzerland, hosted by Robert Horbaty of ENCO AG and attended by the OA and two experts from Fraunhofer ISI of Germany. Through gauging the interest and capability levels of fourteen proposed topics, the meeting participants chose to focus on eight and specified topic leaders and participants. Although France was not represented, French preferences for candidate topics were provided to the OA and incorporated in the discussion. Additionally, on November 18, Operating Agent Mr. Santini gave a presentation on behalf of Task 15 at the Electric vehicles as part of smart grids conference held at the University of Applied Sciences.

On December 8–9, 2011, a project overview and coordination and subtask I meeting was held at IFP Energies Nouvelles in Rueil-Malmaison, again hosted by Francois Badin and attended primarily by the same participants as for the May meeting. The meeting was attended by a group of five country experts from France, Germany, and the U.S. that, aside from the OA, did not overlap with attendance at the November 17 subtask II meeting. The participants reviewed the vehicle simulations conducted in support of subtask I, discussed ongoing research findings, and revised the options to be included in the final report.

Contributed by Mr. Danilo Santini (U.S.), Task 15 Operating Agent