European Union

Government: The European Commission (EC) represents the general interest of the European Union (EU) and is the driving force in proposing legislation, administering and implementing EU policies, enforcing EU law (jointly with the Court of Justice) and negotiating in the international arena. EU transport policies aim at fostering clean, safe and efficient travel throughout Europe, underpinning the internal market of goods and the right of citizens to travel freely throughout the EU.

In 2011, the European Commission adopted a roadmap of 40 concrete initiatives for the next decade to build a competitive transport system that will increase mobility, remove major barriers in key areas and fuel growth and employment.

At the same time, the proposals will dramatically reduce Europe's dependence on imported oil and cut carbon emissions in transport by 60% by 2050. Within that time frame, one of the EU’s key goals is to eliminate conventionally-fueled cars in cities, which would favor growth of the plug-in electric vehicle market. (Information available in multiple languages)

Government: The Clean Vehicle Europe Portal is an important web-based tool provided by the European Commission to facilitate the implementation of the Clean Vehicle Directive in the European Member States. (Information available in English)

Public-Private Initiative: European Green Cars Initiative is one of the three public-private partnerships (PPP) of the European Economic Recovery Plan announced by the President of the European Commission on the 26th of November 2008. The objective of the initiative is to support R&D on technologies and infrastructures that are essential for achieving breakthroughs in the use of renewable and non-polluting energy sources, safety and traffic fluidity. Topics also include research on trucks, internal combustion engines, bio-methane use, and logistics. However, a main focus is on the electrification of mobility and road transport. (Information available in English)

Public-Private Initiative: The Green eMotion Initiative engages 42 partners from industry, the energy sector, electric vehicles manufacturers, municipalities as well as universities and research. The aim is to develop and to demonstrate a commonly accepted and user-friendly framework consisting of inter operable and scalable technical solutions in connection with a sustainable business platform. Smart Grid developments, innovative information and communications technology (ICT) solutions, different types of EVs, and urban mobility concepts will be taken into account for the implementation of this framework. (Information available in English)

Public-Private Initiative: ERA-NET Plus, Electromobility+ is creating a sustainable framework for electromobility in Europe. At present, 13 EU Member States and associated counties participate in this European initiative and more are about to enter the network. (Information available in English)

Organization: European Council for Automotive R&D (EUCAR) is the European body for collaborative automotive and road transport R&D. EUCAR is an industrial association owned by its members, which are the 14 major European manufacturers of cars, trucks and buses. EUCAR and its member companies acknowledge the importance of the research work partly funded through national institutions within the EU and through the Framework Programs of the European Commission in which the automotive manufacturers have played a key role from the outset. (Information available in English)