United States - Industry

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The resurgence of interest in BEVs over the past five years has led U.S. manufacturers to work on newer generations of these cars. The most prominent OEMs making light-duty BEVs are the Detroit automakers General Motors (GM) and Ford, along with more recent California-based startups Tesla Motors, Fisker Automotive, and Coda Automotive. Smith Electric Vehicles and Navistar are manufacturing heavy-duty BEVs. The Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA) maintains a current and frequently updated list of EDVs (electric drive vehicles) available or becoming available in the U.S. in the near term.

Through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the United States made a significant investment to build its domestic manufacturing capacity in advanced lithium-ion battery technology. This investment includes:

  • $2.4 billion in loans to help companies build three of the world’s first BEV factories in Tennessee, Delaware, and California.
  • $2 billion in grants to support 30 factories that produce batteries, battery materials and components, motors, and other EDV components. Companies are cost-sharing the funding.
2011 Cheverolet Volt Plug-in. 2012 Ford Focus EV.

Image courtesy of General Motors. Image courtesy of Ford.