The automotive industry in Turkey is quite large, with OSD, the Automotive Manufacturers Association, representing 15 manufacturers, stating that in 2010 the automotive industry was the largest country export sector at 15.3%.
Despite the large automotive industry, the Turkish hybrid and electric vehicle (H&EV) market is in a beginning phase.
In 2009, 19.8% of the total energy consumption of Turkey was attributable to transportation, and 83.6% of that figure was from road transportation. Awareness of environmental issues and clean vehicles is increasing in Turkish industries, research and development (R&D) organizations, and society as a whole.
The outlook is positive for hybrid and electric vehicles in Turkey over the next decade due to interest from the automotive companies in introducing these vehicles and the strategy documents and action plans of the various Turkish ministries.
The National Automotive Technology Platform that includes a broad spectrum of stakeholders is determining a vision for the Turkish automotive industry. Turkey’s current situation and short-term policies indicate that the number of R&D projects related to electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles, fuel cells, energy storage, and alternative fuels will continue to increase.
Turkish policies and legislation are encouraging reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improved air quality. The national government aims to fully cohere with European Union legislation, including in the areas of transport and reductions for CO2. On the national level, Turkey has new vehicle legislation and is also conducting many studies to prepare new regulations and legislation to reduce GHG emissions and improve air quality. More hybrids, electric vehicles and low-CO2-emitting vehicles will no doubt be seen in the market and on the roads in the coming years because of greater awareness about clean vehicles and the environment.