ByCountry

Turkey - Policies and Legislation

By Country

Turkey has been using various legal and policy instruments to support electrification of transportation to encourage the use of hybrids and EVs that are in line with EU legislations. Important references have been made in government roadmaps with recommendations pointing towards new legislations to reduce the specific fuel consumption of domestically produced vehicles, upgrade vehicle efficiency standards, expand public transport systems, and implement EV charging infrastructure, among various other measures.

Vehicle Taxation Measures

Two types of taxation measures are valid on vehicles in Turkey:

·A tax on an initial new vehicle sale (special consumption tax)

·An annual vehicle tax, which is paid yearly and is currently based on the engine cylinder volume and the age of the vehicle, not the emission rates

In 2016, a new legal regulation on the motor vehicle taxation system was established for the vehicles sold in the country. The new taxation regulation classifies the special consumption tax of conventional vehicles and hybrid vehicles based on engine cylinder volume; untaxed vehicle price, and electric motor power. The new regulation states a special consumption tax reduction (from 90 % to 45 %) on low engine volume and high electric power vehicles from the hybrid vehicle point of view. The effects of new SCT regulations on the sales of low engine volume conventional vehicles and hybrid vehicles are expected to be more apparent in the following years.

 

Special Consumption Tax for Conventional and Electric Vehicles (as of 2016)

 

Conventional

Electric Only

Vehicle Type

Engine Cylinder Volume (cc)

Untaxed Price (₺)*

Special Consumption Tax (%)

Electric Motor Power (kW)

Special Consumption Tax (%)

Passenger Vehicle

<1,600

<40,000

45

<85

3

40,000-70,000

50

85-120

7

>70,000

60

≥120

15

1,600-2,000

<100,000

100

 

>100,000

110

>2,000

 

160

Motorbikes

<250

 

8

<20

3

>250

 

37

>20

37

*Currency: Turkish Lira (₺)