ByCountry

Turkey - Policies and Legislation

By Country

Turkey has several legal and policy instruments to support the “greening” of transportation, which could help encourage the use of hybrids and EVs. Turkey aims to fully cohere with EU legislation. Turkish emission standards for all gasoline and light- and heavy-duty diesel vehicles have matched the Euro IV standards since 1 January 2009, according to emission legislation 70/220/AT and 88/77/AT-2005/55/AT.

Recommendations made in two ministerial strategic documents would impact the incentives for purchasing hybrid and electric vehicles when they become more widely available in Turkey. The first strategy document on energy efficiency is from the Ministry of Energy and Natural Sources, and  the second document by the Ministry of Industry and Trade focuses on the automotive industry and includes an action plan for implementation.

Within these strategic documents, recommendations that could lead to new legislation include reducing the specific fuel consumption of domestically produced vehicles, upgrading vehicle efficiency standards, expanding public transport systems, and implementing EV charging infrastructure, among other measures.

Vehicle Taxation Measures

Two types of taxation measures are imposed on vehicles in Turkey:

  • A tax on an initial new vehicle sale (special consumption tax, see below)
  • An annual vehicle tax, which is paid yearly and is currently based on the engine cylinder volume and the age of the vehicle, not the emission rates

The special consumption tax on EVs when they are purchased is lower than that for conventional vehicles. The vehicle sale tax reduction only includes battery electric vehicles and battery electric motorbikes and excludes HEVs and plug-in electric vehicles (PHEVs). Also, only passenger vehicles and motorbikes are included in the vehicle sale special consumption tax reduction; light duty trucks, trucks, buses, etc., are excluded. This new incentive available in Turkey is expected to impact only electric vehicle sales out of all H&EV types.

 

Conventional

Electric Only

 

Engine Cylinder Volume (cm3)

Special Consumption Tax (%)

Electric Motor Power (kW)

Special Consumption Tax (%)

PASSENGER VEHICLE

<1600

37

<85

3

1600-2000

60

85-120

7

>2000

84

>120

15

MOTORBIKE

<250

8

<20

3

>250

37

>20

37