Using the electrical grid for plug-in charging of PHEV batteries is becoming more technically feasible, but some issues must still be resolved. These issues relate to the battery capacity to provide a greater all-electric range (AER), technical and infrastructural limits, the safety of connections, and the impacts of PHEV electrical demand on electricity production and utilities.
Because the mean commuting distance in the Netherlands is less than 20 km one-way, the PHEV represents a good fit to meet Dutch transportation needs. Thus, a PHEV-40 (i.e., a PHEV with an AER of 40 km) would supply enough electric power for most commuting and short trips in a city.
The E-laad Foundation (“E-load”) was a consortium initiated in 2010 by the cooperating regional electricity grid operators of the Netherlands and should be seen as a temporary implementation organization. All costs of the charging points (budget 25 M€) are covered by the cooperating grid managers.
The objective is to establish 10,000 charging points in total for public spaces comprising 2,000 charging spots requested by municipalities (one charging point per 10,000 inhabitants) and 8,000 charging spots requested by EV drivers (through a dealer organization).
E-laad assists communities with local action plans for electromobility using other Dutch mobility plans as examples. They reflect the policy and activities to make electric mobility accepted and welcomed into the streets of communities wishing to participate in the new EV era.
Image courtesy Drive4Electric.
Epyon public fast-charging point put into operation in Leeuwarden in May 2010 by the president of the Formula-E team, HRH Prince Maurits van Oranje and Alderwoman Mrs. Diks
The Province of Noord-Brabant makes available a budget of 10 M€ for the development of electric mobility. This area is ideally located because it hosts the majority of Dutch automotive businesses and R&D institutions. Energy suppliers in Noord-Brabant are especially capable of joining the program with the opportunity to provide sustainable energy.
As a part of a sustainable mobility program, the coastal Province of Friesland will support the acquisition of 10,000 electric vehicles, including scooters. Also, as the center of Dutch water sports, province transport options include nautical transport applications that may be influenced by the electrification of road transport.
Various international plans
Dutch and North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW, Germany) authorities are developing an idea for a cross-border “Living Lab” in NRW and its Dutch neighboring areas. Benefits should be spread along automotive industry, engineering, safety, and infrastructure topics.
The Netherlands participates in Electromobility+, a contribution of 13 European countries and regions to the European Green Cars Initiative. The initiative aims at the creation of long-lasting conditions for the development of electric mobility in Europe by 2025. Within Electromobility+ the involved national and regional authorities bring together 20 M€ of public funding.
On the hydrogen scene, charging points and vehicle deployment projects are still limited in number. In December 2010 the first Dutch public hydrogen supply facility was opened in Arnhem. The city is also the center of Dutch R&D on fuel cells, FCEVs, and decentralized hydrogen production facilities.