There were three national research programmes dealing with issues related to electric, hybrid, or fuel cell vehicles active during 2011. The programmes are closely linked in order to benefit from common tasks and overall synergies among them. They also share in monitoring and analyzing business intelligence.
The Vehicle Strategic Research and Innovation Programme (FFI)
The Vehicle Strategic Research and Innovation programme (FFI) started in 2009 as a cooperative effort between the Government and the Swedish automotive industry. The programme finances common research efforts, innovation, and development activities mostly in the overall theme areas Climate and Environment, and Safety, respectively.
The project is managed by Vinnova (Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems), the Swedish Energy Agency, and the National Road Administration.
It comprises five subprogrammes: Sustainable Production Technology, Vehicle Development, Transport Efficiency, Vehicle and Traffic Safety, and Energy and Environment. The venture includes R&D operations valued at approximately SEK 1 billion per year (approximately US$ 140 million per year), of which public funds amount to SEK 450 million per year (approximately US$ 65 million).
Energy-efficient Road Vehicles
Energy–efficient Road Vehicles, administered by the Swedish Energy Agency, involves several research projects dealing with batteries, fuel cells, and other vehicle components that use electricity as a means of improving energy efficiency. The programme is a continuation of a previous program and now concentrates on hybrid vehicles, especially their drive systems, battery technology, diesel reformers for fuel cells, and the architecture of hybrid systems. The annual budget is US$ 2.9 million.
Swedish Hybrid Vehicle Centre (SHC)
The aim of the Swedish Hybrid Vehicle Centre (SHC) is to establish an internationally competitive centre of excellence for HEV technology by facilitating education and research to meet industrial and societal needs in this area and by forming a natural framework for co-operation between industry and academia. Participating in the centre are AB Volvo, Scania CV AB, Saab Automobile AB/GM Powertrain AB, Volvo Car Corporation AB, BAE Systems Hägglunds AB, Chalmers University of Technology, Lund University, and the Royal Institute of Technology. The Centre started in July 2006, and the budget for the first period, 2007 to 2010, was about US$ 11 million. The centre was recommended to be continued for another four-year period.