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Sweden - Charging Infrastructure

By Country

The public charging infrastructure is currently being developed in Sweden. With regards to 50 kW DC fast charging, southern Sweden has reached a point where it could be considered as well-developed and links together all parts of the region. Public normal charging is developed by many actors, both public and private. In total, the public charging infrastructure reached approximately 3.600 charging points distributed over 1 060 charging stations, by the end of August 2017 (see figure 2).

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Figure 2. The existing public charging infrastructure in Sweden. (a) illustrates the public charging stations <23 kW (b) illustrates the public charging stations >23 kW

The conditions for non-public charging infrastructure in Sweden is favorable, with a robust electricity grid and an already widespread development of block-heaters. Even though block-heaters are not recommended for charging a vehicle, it’s rather easy to update these installations.

In 2015, the government introduced two investment support schemes (Climate Leap and Urban Environment Agreements) aiming to facilitate charging infrastructure, which in 2016 were influential to the development.

Climate Leap scheme ”Klimatklivet”
In 2015, the Swedish government launched the investment support scheme Climate Leap, Klimatklivet, with the aim to grant investment support to measures that long-term reduce the GHG emissions, but it specifically encourages investments in charging infrastructure for passenger vehicles (Swedish Parliament, 2015). The programme period is between 2015 and 2020, with a total budget of approximately 355 million US$ and is granting different measures that contribute to a significant long-term reduction of GHG emission. It’s a general support, hence not entirely dedicated to charging infrastructure for passenger vehicles, and the allocation principle is to rank the proposed measures according to GHG reduction per total investment cost and grant to most climate-efficient measures. By July 2017, 8.800 charging points have been granted support. Using the EU definitions of charging points, where normal charging is <22 kW and fast charging >22 kW, two-thirds of the charging points granted support are normal charging points and these are evenly distributed between non-public and public. The remaining charging points, approximately one-third, are fast charging points and will predominantly be installed as public chargers. The large number of fast chargers are mostly due to the charging points formerly known as semi-fast charger (22,2 kW AC) and not 50 kW DC chargers. However, to illustrate the public charging infrastructure in Sweden the two categories used are charging points <23 kW and charging points >23 kW.

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Figure 3. The existing public charging infrastructure in Sweden (blue) and charging stations granted investment support (yellow). (a) illustrates the public charging stations <23 kW (b) illustrates the public charging stations >23 kW


Urban Environment Agreements ”Stadsmiljöavtal”
The aim of the national support scheme is to promote sustainable urban environments by creating the conditions for a larger share of passenger transport in cities using public transport. The granted measures should lead to energy-efficient solutions with low greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to achieving the environmental quality objective, a well built environment. The scheme aims to promote innovative capacity-strong and resource-efficient solutions for public transport. The budget is 235 milllion US$ for the period of 2015-2018, and during 2016, projects that included charging infrastructure for electric buses were granted support