In the spring of 2009, the Swedish Energy Agency published a Plug-in and Electric Vehicles Report. The main conclusion of this report was to urge the government to move forward with a strategy for the research, development, and deployment of test fleets of electrical vehicles.
The City of Gothenburg aims to evaluate 500 charging stations in an urban environment, coupled with the development of relevant business models, given that the question of fees for the energy charging of vehicles is still a largely unexplored territory. Initially, 250 vehicles will be involved in the activity. The Swedish Hybrid Centre2 is managing many of these efforts and acts as a hub for knowledge and development.
Due to cold climate winters and the need to move away from oil dependency, a large degree of electrical heating in residential areas and widespread use of electricity in industry has resulted in the development of high grid reliability in Sweden. Nearly every family house is built with the possibility to install 400 V outlets. Because of the grid reliability, slow charging is largely already in place.
Furthermore, with small adjustments, faster charging possibilities are also a reality today. Charging at higher speeds requires the development of a cost-efficient charging infrastructure that can be established at short notice. A widely accepted standard is the key to both the development of the infrastructure and manufacturers' adoption of charging solutions.