Spain - Policies and Legislation

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Spain - Policies and Legislation

VEA Strategy

On 26 June 2015, it was agreed by the National Government to launch a new Strategy to Promote Alternative Energy Vehicles 2014-2020 in Spain (VEA), aimed at making Spain a country reference in the implementation of alternative vehicles (LPG, natural gas, biofuels, hydrogen and electric technologies and fuels) , focused on three main lines of action: industrialization, market and infrastructure deployment.


In the frame of this strategy and in compliance wiht the Directive 2014/94/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 22 October, 2014., relative to infrastructure deployment for alternative vehicles, it was approved by the Spanish National Action Framework for Alternative Energy in Transport on 9 December 2016.


In the frame of the VEA Strategy, the MOVEA website ( was created, a Government official site for sharing relevant information of the different alternative fuels and technologies in the transport sector. Also on this website there is a database of alternative vehicles available where users can search the different models of vehicles available in the Spanish market and technical information about them.

Spanish National policy framework (MAN)

The Directive 2014/94/EU of 22 October, 2014 established that each member state shall adopt a national policy framework for the development of the market as regards as alternative fuels in the transport sector and the deployment of the relevant infrastructure and notify them to the European Commission before the 18 November, 2016.


The Directive 2014/94/EU was transposed into Spanish normative through Royal Decree 639/2016 of 9 December, and the Spanish National policy framework (Marco de Acci�n Nacional-MAN-), consistent with the VEA Strategy 2014-2020 and establishing an objective of 150,000 electric vehicles by 2020, was notified on time to the EC.

Incentives for vehicle acquisition: Plan MOVEA 2017

A new incentives plan for alternative vehicles acquisition was approved on 16 June, 2017 (Royal Decree 617/2017), with a budget of 14,26 million €. This plan supports the acquisition of vehicles powered by natural gas, LPG, electricity and H2, and the deployment of public-use recharging points for electric vehicles. This plan will be operative until October of 2017.

Environmental car labelling

Another relevant measure that is highly contributing to the alternative vehicles penetration in the Spanish market, with an evident impact in electric and conventional hybrid technologies, is the Environmental car labelling, promoted by the Spanish Traffic Authorities (DGT).


Vehicles have been classified into different labels, related to their environmental emissions (which are shown below, sorted from best to worst):

  •  0“0 emissions” label: In this label are included electric vehicles (BEV, EREV, and PHEV with more than 40 km range) and hydrogen (HICEV) and fuel cell vehicles (FCEV).



  •  “ECO” label: In this label are included PHEV with less than 40 km range, conventional hybrid electric 1vehicles (HEV), compressed and liquid natural gas vehicles (CNG; LNG) and LPG vehicles.



  •  2“C” label: In this label are included petrol cars and vans which comply with Euro 4, Euro 5 and Euro 6 regulations and diesel Euro 6 (Euro 6 regulation for industrial vehicles).



  • 3“B” label: In this label are included petrol cars and vans which comply with Euro 3 regulation, and diesel Euro 4 and Euro 5 regulations (Euro 4 and Euro 5 regulations for industrial vehicles).



These four labels represent 50 % of the total Spanish fleet and classify vehicles regarding their emissions levels. Environmental car labelling is created as a reference tool, to be used by governments at national, regional and local levels for implementing measures aimed to improve the air quality in regions and cities.

Recharging networks for EVs

After an initial stage characterized by recharging vehicles for free in the frame of pilots demonstration projects promoted by city councils and regional administrations, public infrastructure service for recharging electric vehicles in Spain must be operated at present by authorized recharging operators “Gestores de Cargas”, established and defined by the national normative (Royal Decree 647/2011).


It is also remarkable that, on 12 December, 2014, a normative (Royal Decree 1053/2014) was approved aimed to support the deployment of recharging infrastructure of EVs. This normative includes a complementary technical instruction for the low-voltage electrical normative in Spain (ITC-BT 52), which establishes technical and safety requirements for the recharging infrastructure at a national scale.