Spain - Policies and Legislation

By Country

Since 2003, Spain’s policies to promote HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs have been developed within the framework of its national commitments to meet international goals. The Spanish Strategy for Energy Savings and Efficiency 2004–2012 (or E4, as it is more frequently referred to) includes the promotion of alternative fuels and vehicle technologies (LPG, natural gas, HEV, PHEV, BEV, hydrogen and fuel cells) as a key action line.

In April 2010, Spain’s national government also presented the “Integral Plan for the Promotion of Electric Vehicles”, which includes an “Integrated Strategy for EVs 2010–2014” promotion in Spain that established the target of one million H&EVs on the road by the end of 2014. The Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDAE) operates under the General Secretariat for Energy of the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce

HEV and EV incentives provided by IDAE and Spanish regional governments

Vehicle Types

(both private and industrial)

Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Incentives

(applicable to both public and private sectors)


Maximum of €750 for motorbikes above 4 kW

Passenger vehicles (M1), commercial vehicles (N1), and quadricycles (L7e)

Up to15% of market price, with a maximum of €7,000


Up to a maximum of €2,300, for HEVs with voluntary pure electric traction and CO2emissions below 110 g CO2/km in 2011, and a maximum of €2,000 for HEVs without voluntary pure electric traction


Up to a maximum of €7,000, with a minimum electric range of 20 km (12 miles) for PHEVs.

Buses and trucks

Up to 15% of market prices, with a maximum of €50,000

The first E4 strategic effort involves sets of agreements between the national government’s Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE) and Spanish regional administrative governments to support actions that improve energy efficiency in various sectors.

The E4 efforts are designed to support the acquisition of alternative vehicles based on fuel type and vehicle type. Incentives are offered to public and private transport fleets, companies, and individual citizens, and are available also for financial arrangements including leasing and renting. The results of this fleet renewal program through 2010 were that almost 10,000 vehicles, or 85% of the renewed fleet, consisted of H&EVs.

The E4 framework also includes incentives for vehicle leasing and rental companies and other vehicle fleets to acquire HEVs, PHEVs, and BEVs. Between 2008 and 2010, a total of 899 hybrid vehicles and 42 BEVs were renewed through this program.

Finally, the Integrated Strategy sets the goal of putting 250,000 electric vehicles (BEVs and PHEVs) on Spain’s roads, which could be recharged at 343,510 charging points throughout Spain.