ByCountry

Italy - On the Road and Deployments

By Country

On the road

Out of a total number of more than 50 million (data source: ACI) vehicles on the road in Italy at the end of 2016, about 6,000 were battery electric passenger cars while about 120,000 were petrol and diesel hybrid passenger cars (data source: ENEA’s elaboration on data ACI). In 2016, overall new passenger car registrations increased by about 16% compared to 2015, reaching a total of 1,824,568; new battery electric passenger car registrations slowed down by about 5.3% compared to the previous year, while new plug-in hybrid electric passenger car registrations increased by about 63%: totally, new electrically chargeable passenger cars increased significantly by about 20.7%. Also new hybrid passenger car registrations increased significantly with respect to 2015, with a rate of 47.2%. New other alternative fuel (natural gas, LPG, ethanol) passenger car registrations had a significant contraction by about 20.7%. Totally, new alternative fuel passenger car registrations, hybrid and “electric chargeable” enclosed, had a reduction by about 12.1% compared to 2015.

EVs and HEVs available for purchase in Italy cover the full spectrum of categories, including power-assisted bikes, scooters (with two, three, or four wheels), light- and heavy-duty pure electric and hybrid buses, and electric boats. Hundreds of EV and HEV models are now available on the market. Retail prices range from a few hundred euros for power-assisted bikes to hundreds of thousands of euros for hybrid buses. An EV still costs about two or three times more than a conventional vehicle while HEVs have much less of a price differential.

Italy has seen some success stories of EVs and HEVs in public fleets over the past decade thanks to large public subsidies introduced by various ministries. An exemplary case is the municipality of Reggio Emilia that fully electrified its fleet of around 400 EVs that carry out a variety of services in the center city. This project earned a great deal of recognition from its citizens and the national and international EV community.

More recently, electric utilities and the large car manufacturers have become interested in the business opportunities offered by EVs and HEVs. Full electric cars are starting to be present in Italian municipalities with various examples. Car makers are interested to promote electric mobility, for this reason in the latest years have established agreements with public administration, municipalities (delegation vehicles or vehicles for municipal police), regions, trade associations and private companies (for example vehicle rent company). Also the security force (Carabinieri, Polizia) started to use electric vehicles. Further, in 2016 there was a real customization of special vehicles, commercial vehicles and passenger vehicles in Italy. Therefore, there is an increased need to better analyze the level of maturity of EV and HEV technology and to test in real-world conditions how well these vehicles can integrate into the transport system and electricity network. Both technical issues (charging mode, plug standards, safety aspects) and non-technical issues (business models for the charging service, tariffs to be applied, and the implied regulatory aspects) need to be tested.

Deployments

Partnerships were established between car makers and electric energy distributors to promote services with electric vehicles, for example car sharing services in various Italian cities. Special proposals for electric vehicles fleets were reserved by car makers to public administration, in particular municipalities (delegation vehicles or vehicles for municipal police) and regions, trade associations and private companies. Also the security force (Carabinieri, Polizia) started to use electric vehicles. A lot of agreements were registered between energy distributors and municipalities for installing charging infrastructures. From this context, big plans of public charging infrastructures and various demonstration projects came to light.

A lot of large EV deployment projects/agreements have been running or started in 2017. The “e-Moticon” project involves 15 partners coming from the nations of the “Alpine Region” to create an instrument of urban planning for the public administration. “MARS-EV” is a large project on high energy materials for lithium-ion batteries. “Smart City L’Aquila” is another project, in collaboration between the municipality of L’Aquila and ENEL, the largest Italian electric utility, aimed to the installation of charging stations in the city. Further, ENEL signed with AISCAT (Associazione Italiana Societ� Concessionarie Autostrade e Trafori) an agreement to equip the highways with an electric charging network for fast charging in the service areas. ENEL, as coordinator, and Austria’s main utility Verbund are collaboratingon a fast-recharging network project (EVA ) in Italy and Austria, alongside some of the world’s largest EV carmakers to create a fast charging infrastructure for electric vehicles on key roads and motorways in Italy and Austria. "Puglia Active Network" (Pan) is a project by ENEL, supported by the European Community and the Ministry of Environment, to promote the use and development of renewable sources, energy efficiency and electric mobility. The “E-Vai 3.0” Project, launched by “FN Mobilit� Sostenibile” (company of the group “Ferrovie Nord Milano”) in collaboration with ENEL is a project of integrated mobility, while the “Unit-E” project, started from the larger program Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) of European Commission will supply fast charging stations in the geographic area between Genoa (Italy) and Mentone (France).

In Italy there are numerous examples of pioneering demonstration in FC-powered transport. “H2 Alto Adige” is a large-scale project for the production, storage and refueling of renewable hydrogen for FCEVs.

E-MOTICON

In 2016 “Research on Energy Systems” (RSE), a main research institute in Italy, presented the “e-Moticon” project, duration 30 months and budget (co-financed by the EU) of 2,2 million EUR, to promote electric mobility in the Alpine area. The project, which RSE is the promoter of, includes 15 partners coming from the nations of the “Alpine Region”. After a first step of analysis, “e-Moticon” will produce a document named “Libro Bianco” for planning infrastructures: the scope is to create a transnational strategy for the public administration, which could be adopted as an instrument of urban planning.

MARS-EV

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MARS-EV Project - Image courtesy of ENEA

MARS-EV (Materials for Aging Resistant Li-ion High Energy Storage for the Electric Vehicle), started in September 2013, is a 4-year large scale (e.g., 16 partners from 5 EU member states, 7 industries, 5 research centers, 4 universities) collaborative project, which the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), another main research institute in Italy, takes part too, leading to the development of high energy electrode materials and safe electrolyte systems with improved cycle-life, sustainable scale-up synthesis, industrial scale prototype cell assembly, modeling of aging behavior and full life cycle assessment.

 

 

 

 

 




 

SMART CITY L'AQUILA

According the project "Smart City L'Aquila", in collaboration between the municipality of L'Aquila and ENEL, the installation of 39 charging stations is planned, 2 of them with fast charging technology, for a total of 80 charging points. In the initial part of the project, ENEA has performed the on-demand transport service with a bimodal vehicle within a route called "smart ring" in the historic centre.

ENEL/AISCAT agreement

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A Nissan EV on charge - Image courtesy of ENEA

ENEL has signed  an agreement with AISCATin order to equip the highways with an electric charging network for fast charging in the service areas. The agreement includes the launch of a strategic, technological and logistic testing program of a network of electric fast charging infrastructure in the service areas. The experimentation phase will last about three years and will include both a phase of studies and analysis, and an “in field” pilot implementation phase. The first installations will begin in 2017. This agreement also wants to go beyond the idea of using the electric vehicle exclusively in urban context: in fact, there were mainly AC charging stations located in urban areas in 2016 in Italy.

 





 

EVA

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EVA Project – Image courtesy of ENEA

ENEL, as coordinator, and Austria’s main utility Verbund are collaboratingon a fast-recharging network project in Italy and Austria, alongside some of the world’s largest EV carmakers including Renault, Nissan, BMW, and Volkswagen Group Italia. “Electric Vehicle Arteries” (EVA ) aims to create a fast charging infrastructure for electric vehicles on key roads and motorways in Italy and Austria. A grant agreement worth has already been signed with INEA, the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency delegated by the European Commission (EC). EVA will be officially started in 2017. Over the course of the three-year project 200 multi-standard fast charging stations, each capable of offering all the fast charging standards (CSS Combo 2, CHAdeMO or AC charging), will be installed. Of the project’s 200 columns, 180 Fast Recharge Plus columns (a technology developed by ENEL that enables two vehicles to be simultaneously fast charged in 20 minutes) will be installed in Italy by ENEL, while the remaining 20 will be installed by Verbund’s subsidiary SMATRICS in Austria, also offering all fast charging standards.

PUGLIA ACTIVE NETWORK

"Puglia Active Network" (Pan) is a project by ENEL, supported by the European Community and the Ministry of Environment: it wants to promote the use and development of renewable sources, energy efficiency and electric mobility. In fact, the project includes, inter alia, to enable new services for citizens by developing a network of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles on a regional scale. More than 70 intelligent and interoperable (which may be used by customers of different operators) charging infrastructures will be installed, distributed over about 40 sites of the municipalities, ring roads and access roads to major urban centers of the region, as well as on the primary highway network.

E-VAI 3.0

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E-Vai 3.0 Project - Image courtesy of ENEA

The “E-Vai 3.0” Project, launched by “FN Mobilit� Sostenibile” (company of the group “Ferrovie Nord Milano”) in collaboration with ENEL, is a project of integrated mobility that combines railway and green car sharing using only electric vehicles. The project will be active until June 2018 in the municipalities of Varese and Saronno, with 12 cars and 3 charging stations respectively installed in parking areas (6 parking spaces each) at the railway stations of Varese and Saronno.

 

 

 


Unit-E

The “Unit-E” project started from the larger program Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) of European Commission, in which the ABB Group takes part, in consortium with EDF Group, BMW, Nissan, Renault, �cole des Ponts, Porto Antico di Genova and the International Institute of Communications. ABB will supply 4 fast charging stations multi standard to be installed from Genoa to Mentone.

H2 ALTO ADIGE

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H2 Alto Adige Project – Image courtesy of ENEA

H2 Alto Adige is a large-scale project for the production, storage and refueling of renewable hydrogen for FCEVs. Three electrolysers make up the HRS (Hydrogen Refueling Station) and convert power from renewable sources like wind and solar PV to 345 kg of H2 per day, sufficient for 15 buses or 700 passenger cars. Besides Bolzano, other HRS development activities are ongoing in Milano, Sanremo, Rome, Venezia, Brunico, Rovereto. These HRS in Italy are strictly connected to three pan-European FC bus demonstration projects financed by the EU, which Italy has been part of from the beginning: CHIC, High V.LoCity, 3Emotion. The Italian involvement in FC bus demonstration goes back to the 1999 project “Autobus ad Idrogeno – Emissioni Zero” where a specifically developed FC bus operated regular passenger service for the city of Torino. In Venezia, the first public transport ferry powered by Fuel Cells is operational: the “Hepic”.