Italy - Industry

By Country



FIAT 500 Electric with its electric drive. Images courtesy of ENEA.

With 30 new passenger cars registered per 1,000 inhabitants in 2016, Italy represents a market of almost 2 million vehicles per year (data source: ACEA).
The Italian automotive sector directly employs about 160,000 people (data source/update: ACEA/2015) in manufacturing; 1 million motor vehicles were manufactured in Italy in 2016 by 26 assembly and engine production plants (data source/update: ACEA/2017).
A lot of producers, assemblers and importers in the country are able to manufacture or supply HEVs and EVs. The components industries have become more active with new commitments on advanced batteries and charging stations, while the producers of power electronics, complete electric and hybrid drivetrains, and electric motors are improving their products. Most of these companies are small and medium enterprises. Italy also has larger companies which are developing EVs and fuel cell vehicles, including FCA, Pininfarina, and battery companies FIAMM, MIDAC. Heavy-duty vehicle manufacturers (Breda Menarini, Piaggio, Cacciamali, and IVECO) are introducing various innovations such as a hybrid drivetrain to increase energy efficiency and reduce emissions.
Large foreign companies such as Toyota, Honda, Renault, Daimler-Smart, Nissan and Peugeot are also bringing HEVs and EVs into the Italian market.
EVs and HEVs available for purchase in Italy cover the full spectrum of categories, including power-assisted bikes, scooters (with two, three, or four wheels), light- and heavy-duty pure electric and hybrid buses, and electric boats. Hundreds of EV and HEV models are now available on the market. Retail prices range from a few hundred Euros for power-assisted bikes to hundreds of thousands of euros for hybrid buses. An EV still costs about two or three times more than a conventional vehicle while HEVs have much less of a price differential.