Italy is seeing a growing number of initiatives to develop and promote the introduction of infrastructure for EVs. The activities in this field can be divided into three types:
Development of new plugs, sockets, and charging stations.
Financial support for private and public initiatives to create local infrastructure.
Pilot and demonstration projects to validate electric infrastructure technologies, business models, logistics, and the interaction with EVs.
More than 1,500 charging points are estimated to have been already built or are under construction in Italy.
On July 20, 2011 Italian Regulatory Authority for Electricity and Gas (AEEG) announced that over 1,000 charging points for electric vehicles will be installed in nine regions between North, Central and South Italy due to the incentives provided by AEEG to support the test of public charging systems and sharing the results obtained from these pilot projects. The projects will consist in providing charging stations to some large cities such as Rome, Milan, Naples, Bari, Catania, Genoa, Bologna, Perugia, in various municipalities of Emilia Romagna and Lombardy, and in various supermarkets.
The incentives are dedicated to five projects (described below) and provide a financial contribution for each charging point through 2015. The Authority has also provided a mechanism of protection for end users, who will not pay a fee for the costs of network infrastructure and charging over a maximum limit (in addition to the cost of electricity used).
ENEL Sole charging station. Image courtesy of ENEA.
Projects selected for incentives will cover three different operating models: the distributor model, the exclusive service provider model and the competing service provider model.
A project by Enel Distribution Hera will be operating under the distributor model. A total of 310 charging columns will be operative by 2013 in Pisa, Bari, Genoa, Perugia, in several municipalities of Emilia Romagna, and outside of Milan.
The exclusive service provider model will be tested through the project by A2A (52 columns with two outlets each in Milan and 23 in columns in Brescia, operative in the first half of 2013) and the project by the city of Parma (200 columns with two independent sockets each, operating by the end of 2012).
The projects under the competing service provider model will be those by Enel Energia (26 charging points in the suburbs of Milan and downtown Rome, to become operative by the second half of 2013) and by Class and a non-profit organization for a total of 150 columns (43 in the province of Monza and Brianza, and 107 in the supermarkets in Rome, Milan, Naples, Bari, Catania, Genoa, Bologna and Varese, operative by the second half of 2014).
These last two projects will also include some fast charging technology with high power direct current (over 50 kW) capable of charging up electric vehicles in less than 30 minutes.