The starting point of German research policy is the objective to have one million electric vehicles and a further 500,000 fuel-cell-powered vehicles operating on the nation's roads by 2020. In 40 years' time, urban transport should be able to virtually do without fossil fuels.
The Federal Government, together with industry, is making available €2 billion to promote research on how people can maintain their mobility in the future despite fossil fuels growing scarce. For this reason they jointly created the "National Platform for Electric Mobility“ in May 2010.
The development of fuel cell vehicles, powered by hydrogen, is seen as important as research into electric vehicles. The plan is for the "National Programme of Innovation for hydrogen and fuel cell technology” to have provided around €1.4 billion in public and private capital by the year 2016 to academia and industry for thorough research in this area.
The general research strategy of the German government is diversified and focuses on various key areas of electromobility. In the market escalation phase through 2016, the focus of German R&D funding, automotive OEMs, and suppliers will remain on field tests, demonstration, and serial mass production of lithium-ion batteries as well as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs).
Overview of German national research programmes related to electromobility with active calls by federal ministries
published in 2011. (Source: DLR)