The Canadian automotive industry produces light duty vehicles, which include cars, vans, and pickup trucks; heavy duty vehicles, which include trucks, transit buses, school buses, and military vehicles; and a wide range of parts, components, and systems used in vehicles of this nature. To complement its manufacturing activities, the industry boasts a well-developed vehicle dealer network, plus an aftermarket organization which has grown into a world-class distribution system and service provider.
The automotive industry is Canada’s largest manufacturing sector, accounting for 10% of manufacturing gross domestic product (GDP) and 17% of manufacturing trade in 2009. The industry consists of 12 passenger/commercial vehicle assembly plants and more than 750 auto parts plants. It directly employs about 109,111 people in automotive assembly and component manufacturing. Manufacturing is clustered in central Canada, while distribution is spread across the country.
Canadian heavy-truck manufacturing industry comprises two relatively low-volume assembly plants: one located in Ontario (Hino Motors Canada Ltd.), and the other located in Québec (PACCAR of Canada Ltd.). These two plants employed approximately 750 workers in 2010.
Canada’s EV industry continues to grow as well. Canada has a strong EV industry network that spans many areas including battery development and manufacturing, power train and systems integration, clean electricity production, and mining. Electric Mobility Canada (EMC), a national membership-based not-for-profit organization dedicated exclusively to the promotion of electric mobility, has published a Directory of Electric Mobility Resources Canada.
Image courtesy of Novex Delivery Solutions.
Novex, an environmentally-conscious courier company, announced a goal of having all clean vehicles in their Vancouver-based fleet by 2015. The new electric trucks have 80 kWh battery packs, giving the trucks a range of 160 km between charges.