At Task 1 meeting, IA-HEV members share news on 2012 growth in hybrids, EVs, and EVSE

January 24, 2013 01:28 PM
Germany and Sweden note strong sales of the Renault Twizy.
© Image courtesy of Renault.


Delegates from several IA-HEV member countries convened to share updates on hybrid and electric vehicle developments at the 34th Task 1, Information Exchange, experts meeting on October 17, 2012 in Stuttgart, Germany. Among the information exchanged were the following noteworthy items:

Sales of hybrid and plug-in electric cars saw significant increases in some member countries:

  • Germany: The total battery EV (BEV) passenger car fleet in Germany stood at 4,451 at the end of 2011, or 0.011% of the entire German fleet. German purchases of BEVs from January through July 2012 had already exceeded the 2,154 passenger car BEV sales for all of 2011.
  • Sweden: The country is beginning to see a real increase in EV sales, as Sweden had only 366 EVs on the road at the start of 2012. However, as of the end of August 2012, the number of electric cars in Sweden had more than doubled to 793. Both Germany and Sweden noted strong sales of the new Renault Twizy.
  • Spain: There were 32,865 hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) on the road at end of 2011, almost one-third of which were added to the fleet during that year. Through the end of September, more than 7,800 HEV passenger cars had sold in 2012, out of about 700,000 total vehicle sales expected for the year. A total of 4,737 EVs ranging from motorbikes to trucks were registered on Spanish roads as of October 2012.
  • United States: In terms of the early market, PHEVs and EVs have been selling as well as the Prius did 12 years ago, shortly after its introduction to the U.S. market. The second-generation (Gen 2) Prius came out in 2004, and there was a big inflection point after which sales rapidly increased. So, it may be expected that Gen 2 and Gen 3 plug-in vehicles will sell better than today’s EVs. (As of January 2013, the number of plug-in vehicles sold in the U.S. during 2012 totaled around 53,000, or just about triple the number sold during 2011. Also, a total of 487,480 hybrids sold in 2012, exceeding the previous hybrid sales peak of 352,274 in 2007.)


EVSE (electric vehicles supply equipment or charging points) numbers are also increasing:

  • Germany has more than 2,000 public EVSE, according to the international charging directory at
  • Spain has over 1,700 public EVSE as of October 2012.
  • Switzerland has 307 public AC charging EVSE. At least half of private EVSE are open to use by the public at large as well. DC charging stations are growing in number (13 as of October 2012), and five of the public DC stations are CHAdeMO stations installed by Nissan.
  • The United States had approximately 13,000 EVSE deployed as of September 2012 through programs funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.


Other recent developments in research and policy include:

  • Belgium has seen progress in several programs of the Flemish Living Lab Electric Vehicles. All “charging islands” of the EVA program have been installed and are being monitored in order to find out where EVSE infrastructure should be placed. The Olympus program addresses the problem of people traveling by train, and then figuring out how to go the last mile to their destination. Currently there are charging points (EVSE) at 43 railway stations, with shared electric vehicles available (cars, scooters and bikes). The program installed its first e-bike sharing system in summer 2012, which includes fully automated parking and charging of the bikes.
  • The Netherlands completed the E-mobility Frontrunner Survey, in which the country’s Ministry of Economic Affairs was looking to get information on progress, policies, and missions relating to EVs from 13 countries. Results include comparisons of various national goals for putting plug-in EVs onto the road and installing EVSE.
  • In Switzerland, the context for vehicle electrification is that nuclear energy is to be phased out by 2034, meaning that 40% of current energy production needs to be replaced. EVs and HEVs come into play as the Swiss federal government talks about the potential reduction of energy consumption by 20%, plus making up the difference with renewables.
  • In the U.S., the California 2012 ZEV (Zero-Emission Vehicle) Action Plan was released in a draft version in September 2012 for public comment through November 1, 2012. The Action Plan was developed by a number of state agencies and departments, some of which are working together for the first time. A major goal is to implement to the Governor’s Executive Order B-16-2012, in which California installs ZEV infrastructure to support 1 million ZEVs by 2020, and to get 1.5 million ZEVs on California roadways by 2025. In addition, the Plan will also coordinate the actions of these state agencies, develop new actions to build the ZEV market, and outline state efforts so that ZEV stakeholders can leverage them.


Contributed by Kristin Abkemeier
Task 1 Operating Agent