IA-HEV History - Phase 1

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The beginning, Phase 1 (1994−1999)

Phase 1 Summary

In the beginning, IA-HEV was known as the "Electric Vehicle Agreement," and work on hybrid vehicles was only a minor part of its activities. Because of the rapid progress in hybrid technologies, the agreement's name was formally changed to include hybrid vehicles.

Member governments pursued transportation objectives of cleaner air, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, and reduced reliance on oil imports. Initially, there was considerable uncertainty about how technologies would evolve, but the Tasks/Projects in Phase 1 began addressing these uncertainties. Slowly, steady progress was made in dozens of research programmes, demonstration projects, and marketing programmes. IA-HEV contributed to advancing cleaner modes of transport during this phase.

Phase 1 Members

Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.

Phase 1 investigations

During Phase 1, these questions were addressed through Task work:

  • What is the state of the art for hybrid, fuel cell, and electric vehicles?
  • What are the environmental impacts of these new technologies?
  • How can governments accelerate technology development?
  • How long before these technologies can be introduced to the market, and how could this be done?

Phase 1 (1994−1999) Tasks