Another type of electric vehicle is a fuel cell vehicle (FCV), which is powered by hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe. FCVs emit no harmful tailpipe emissions. Though there are a number of FCVs on the road, several challenges must be overcome before these vehicles are cost-competitive with conventional vehicles. However, the potential benefits of this technology are substantial and comparable to those listed for electric vehicles (EVs).
FCVs contain technologically advanced components not found on today’s vehicles. The most immediate difference is the fuel cell stack that converts hydrogen gas stored onboard with oxygen from the air into electricity to drive the electric motor.
IA-HEV Work on Fuel cell vehicles
IA-HEV Task 13, Fuel Cell Vehicles, focused on tuning fuel cell properties and using fuel cells’ high potential for successful application in vehicles. The Task concluded in 2010 and issued a final report for its members only. International cooperation in the field of fuel cells for transportation applications will continue under the IEA Implementing Agreement for Advanced Fuel Cells in Task 26, Fuel Cells for Transportation.